Love Your Washing Machine

Whether your a small family or a large one, your washing machine and dryer are the most used machines in any household. Anyone who has had their washing machine break knows the pain that ensues when this valuable machine is out of order.

Today we are sharing how to love your washing machine with a few easy-to-follow maintenance tips and DIY repair solutions.

Life is Hectic, but Check These Daily

Life is busy and it never fails that when you need something the most, that’s when it’s bound to break. However, just like your car needs regular maintenance, so does your washing machine. Here are a few things you should do every time you use your machine to keep it running smoothly for longer:

  • Don’t overload it. The harder your washer has to work, the more money and energy you waste. Not to mention how much more wear and tear it’s enduring.
  • Select the proper load size. Modern washing machines are smart and some even can select the load size automatically. If your machine doesn’t automatically sense load size, then make sure you’re making the right selection before running a load.
  • Use the right detergent. Make sure you’re using the right kind of detergent for your washing machine. Regular detergents in a HE washing machine encourage mold buildup. They also generate more suds than the machine can handle and can create problems.
  • Use the right amount of detergent. Too much detergent will leave a residue and is harder on your washer. Pods make it easy, but should you use one pod or two like they show in the commercials? Measure according to your manufacturer’s directions.
  • Leave the door ajar after a load. Ever notice a smell when you open your washer to start a load? This can help with that.
  • Transfer clean laundry to the dryer as soon as it’s done. Letting wet clothes sit can trigger mold and mildew.

Monthly Maintenance

  • Wipe down the drum and the gasket. Doing this will help ensure that odors don’t creep in unexpectedly. Use equal parts vinegar and water to clean the gasket and promptly dry it with a clean, lint free cloth.
  • Check for “Lost” Items. Look often for small items, such as socks, that can get caught in the door seal. Pull back the seal and carefully inspect all areas. If a small item goes undetected, it becomes moldy.
  • Inspect the hoses. Make sure there are no bulges or cracks and the fittings are tight.

DIY Solutions for Common Problems

Whether you’re trying to save a few dollars or not, it can be to your benefit to see if a quick fix might be in order for your broken appliance. Here are a few common problems you might be able to solve yourself.

  • Won’t Turn On? First make sure the washer is plugged in and that the circuit hasn’t been tripped. Then, after redistributing the load to make sure the load is even, close the lid tightly and try starting it again.
  • Won’t Drain? If you open the lid after a wash and find your clothes are swimming in water, first check the drain hose for clogs.
  • Won’t Fill? Check to make sure the hoses are not kinked or disconnected. Also, check to ensure that the faucet is fully open and not shut off. Look behind your washer to see if you can spot any problems such as those listed above.
  • Won’t Spin? Make sure the door is latched properly.
  • Rocks or Vibrates? It may be that your load is distributed unevenly inside the drum or you may need to check if the legs on your washing machine are level.

Need Help?

If the problem continues despite your best efforts, give PDQ Repair a call to come and take a look. It could be a more serious problem, so don’t put off getting a professional opinion. Our expert technicians can diagnose and repair the problem. Give us a call today.

Home Appliances : Choosing the Right Washer

If you’re about to purchase a new washing machine, the good news is that you have more models and better features to choose from than ever. But picking the right washer can be confusing. Here’s what you need to know before you reach for your wallet.

PDQ Appliance Repair loundry sets

Understanding the Basics

Comparison shopping is always a good idea. But you’ve got to be clear on what you’re looking for. Here are the issues you need to think about right away, and then we’ll walk you through the more advanced choices and features.

Size and Capacity

Washers have increased in size, making them more efficient by washing more laundry at once. If you’re replacing an older machine, make sure the new one will fit in the space you have available. Next, consider how much laundry you’ll do on a regular basis. A smaller unit is fine for a single person, but a king-size washer may be better for a family.

Front vs. Top Loading

Top-loading washers are fast and relatively inexpensive. Newer, front-loading washers often cost more but use less water (which offsets some of the additional expense), clean more effectively, are gentler on clothes, and offer more advanced cleaning and time-saving features.

Wash Cycles and Cleaning Options

All laundry is not created equal. Denim work jeans should get different treatment than silk lingerie, and the best washing machines have a multitude of cleaning modes designed for nearly every type of garment and fabric.

Energy Efficiency

Check for the ENERGY STAR logo on your washing machine. Power-saving features can help trim electric bills.

Other Details to Consider

  • Control System – The dial-based control knob remains a standby, but next-generation washers feature touchscreens and even Wi-Fi, letting you control your washing machine and monitor its progress on select mobile devices.
  • Noise Level – Front-loading washers are generally quieter than top-loaders, but check reviews to see how loud your selected washer really is.
  • Special Features – Advanced washers offer a wide range of additional cleaning features that merit consideration. For example, some of the newer Samsung models include a PowerFoam system that creates a gentle foam that penetrates thick or multi-layer fabrics like comforters. Also, look for features like steam washing and Samsung SpeedSpray, which shoots detergent-infused water directly onto clothes, get your laundry cleaner with less preparation by you.
  • Color – You aren’t stuck with just white or lime green any more. Consider whether the machine will fit in with your laundry room’s décor.

Questions to Ask

  • Is a steam setting available to help clean very dirty laundry? Is the washer an “HE” model? High-efficiency washers typically hold more and wash better, but they cost more and require special detergent.
  • Does the washer feature automatic temperature control to correct for especially hot or cold water in the pipes?
  • Can the washer be programmed to start at a later time?
  • Does the washer feature automatic temperature control to correct for especially hot or cold water in the pipes?

Use our handy guide below to help you in choosing the right washer for you and your family.

Source: Samsung is a registered trademark of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. All other brand, product, service names and logos are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The above content is provided for information purposes only. All information included herein is subject to change without notice. PDQ Repair Services is not responsible for any direct or indirect damages, arising from or related to use or reliance of the above content.

Washing Machine Myths: Debunked

When it comes to laundry (and really, your washing machine) there is a wealth of information and advice about what you should and shouldn’t do. Are you using your washing machine correctly? Are you sure?

You may be doing your laundry all wrong.

Specialist in uniform with tools and housewife washing machine

There are many myths and misconceptions about washing machines, and they could be preventing you from getting all you can out of your machine. Here are some popular laundry myths that you might have heard of, debunked.

Myth: Using more detergent gets your clothes cleaner.

If you’re washing a large load, or maybe a very spoiled load of laundry, you might be inclined to think that more detergent equals a more thorough clean. Detergent takes a long time to dissolve and using more makes it harder to wash out. Also, it can damage your washer, especially in high-efficiency (HE) washers. Residue will build up in the washer, cause odors and component failures. Always refer to your washing machine owners manual for proper detergent levels.

Myth: Washing in cool water compromises cleaning. If you want really clean clothes, you need to wash in hot water.

This wasn’t always a myth, however, with newer technology, you no longer have to be concerned with compromising clean clothes for the environment. Most newer washers and detergents are designed to clean your clothes in cold water. Check out this article from consumer reports for more information on this topic: https://www.consumerreports.org/washing-machines/dont-bother-using-hot-water-to-wash-your-laundry/

Myth: All hand wash items MUST be hand-washed. Putting wool and silk in the washing machine is a big no-no.

Hand-washing can actually stress the fibers on delicate clothing and it can be a very time-consuming process. But contrary to popular belief, certain wool or silk garments can be machine washed – just check the clothing label for washing instructions.

Washing machines these days have a “Wool” and “Dedicates/Silk” program, specially designed to wash these fabrics. If you want to be on the safe side, put items which need special care into a mesh bag for extra protection.

Myth: The way to load is: water, soap, and then clothes

This depends on your washing machine. The way of the world for all top-loading washers was to fill your washing machine with water, add detergent and then add your clothes. But now it all depends on your washing machine. Some machines have a dispenser for soap, and still others, you put your clothes in first.

Modern High Efficiency (HE) machines require that the clothes be put in first while dry. This is so that the machine can sense at the start of the cycle how much “weight” the clothes have, and so then can add the proper amount of water to wash them.

As always, be sure to check your washing machine owners manual for proper loading procedures.

Myth: Your Washing Machine doesn’t need to be cleaned.

While it might seem strange that you need to wash your washing machine, it’s requirement to give it a clean from time to time. If your washing machine is equipped, you may even be able to run a program specifically designed for this purpose; look for a “drum clean” or “sanitize” program. Or run the hottest water temp along with a tub cleaner available at the market with an empty load. This eliminates odor-causing bacteria and gives the drum surface a good clean. Add a descaler to remove limescale deposits caused by hard water.

If you follow these tips, you will save time and money, while ensuring a long life for your laundry machine and clothes. 

Have a question or need servie? We are here to help. Give us a call today:

WA: (360) 719-4810 | OR: (503) 444-9340

5 Simple Home Appliance Maintenance Resolutions for the New Year

One of the biggest financial investments homeowners make in their home is their major appliances (refrigerator, washer, dryer, etcetera). This year, why not make some resolutions you can stick to that can help extend the life of your appliances and possibly reduce your energy bills? Here are 5 simple steps you can take right now.

Step 1: Dust the condenser coils on your refrigerator

Typically not on people’s list of things to do, but a step that can really help extend the life of your fridge and make it operate more efficiently. And it’s simple to do.  First, locate the coils on your fridge, either on the bottom or the back of the refrigerator. Remove the panel and then give them a good wipe down with a cloth or your vacuum.

Step 2: Inspect the hoses on my washing machine

Generally, the hoses on your washing machine should be replaced every three to five years. Eyeball the hoses from your washing machine to the wall and inspect them for any kinks, cracks or blisters, and if you see any, make sure to replace them right away. Many modern High Efficiency washers do not like Flood-Safe hoses. They can cause all kinds of operating issues with today’s modern machines. Conventional rubber hoses work best and if replaced every five years, they will almost never cause a flood.

Step 3: Check the outside dryer vent

If your clothes are taking forever to dry it could be because your home’s dryer vent has become obstructed with lint. Additionally, animals and small critters like the warm, dry pipe and may take up residence in the outside vent. In addition, dryer lint can build-up causing the exit to be blocked or certainly lower the duct’s ability to exhaust the moist warm air to outside. Be sure to check the outside vent at least twice a year and clean out any obstruction that is visible. Furthermore, you should have your vent professionally serviced every three to five years to help prevent vent fires, one of the most common causes of house fires according to many national fire departments.

Step 4: Wash or wipe down the gaskets on your dishwasher

Food particles and other gunk can fill the space around the door of your dishwasher causing the door seal to loosen over time. If it gets too bad, you may have to replace the entire dishwasher. To avoid this, just take a damp cloth and swipe it on around the gasket.

Step 5: Clean out your refrigerator

Are leftovers growing artistic looking balls of fuzz in your refrigerator? It may be time to take a look at the contents of your fridge. If you’re fridge is packed too full, there’s not enough room for airflow which means that your fridge won’t be able to cool your food properly. It also means extra work for your fridge which can translate to extra dollars on your energy bill. Take a few minutes to clean out any spoiled or expired food from your fridge. Not only will cleaning out your fridge make you feel good, but your fridge will thank you too!

All of these maintenance projects should be done at least once a year, if not more. They’re easy to do and can help extend the life of your appliances.

If your appliances need more than the basic maintenance, we’re here to help. Schedule an appointment with one of our appliance experts today.

Choosing the Right Repair Company

Appliance repairs can be a challenging and complex process that requires a certain set of skills and expertise. There are many that are willing and able to do the hard work of getting your appliance back into working condition for you. However, you will find that different appliance repair companies offer different things. Before you choose an appliance repair company to repair your appliances, there are some things you should look for, and some things to look out for when deciding.

Woman wearing white shirt sitting at landry room by the washing machine and calling for appliance repair service

You have choices when it comes to appliance repair companies

Here are some things to consider before you hire an appliance repair company:

  • Research the potential hires education experience. Many companies advertise that they have a significant amount of time in business as their experience level. Consider that time in business doesn’t always equate to being properly trained. Appliances are made differently today than they were several years ago.  A company with thirty years of experience may not be ready to fix your new appliance if they are not up to date with the latest technology and being trained on it properly.  A company with well trained, accredited technicians will be happy to tell you all about the training and certification their employees have.
  • Find out if the appliance repair company is factory authorized. Besides being an issue of safety, being factory authorized means that the professional coming to your house has gone through a background check and has been trained by a certified trainer on the appliance they are repairing. Again, companies that are factory authorized will gladly discuss this aspect of the company, so just ask about it.  PDQ Repair is factory authorized on virtually every name brand out there.  To see a list of the brands that we service, visit our brand’s page.
  • Inquire about costs. Expect to pay up to $125 for a typical service call. You are hiring a professional technician to come to your house to look at your appliances with a professional eye. They deserve to be paid for their professional time and expertise. You are paying them for knowledge you don’t have.
  • Don’t get caught up in “special offers” where the company claims they will not charge you a service call fee. Most appliance repair companies (really, any repair company) will charge for service visits. Marketing offers that make you think you’re getting into a no-risk situation usually add that cost in later, causing you to pay more for the repair in the end.
  • Don’t decide on price alone. Don’t just go with the cheapest company, because you never know why they chose or need to be the lowest price. Of course, that doesn’t mean you have to pay the highest price in order to get quality work, either. Instead, ask good questions.  You are trying to find the best overall combination of knowledge, experience, and price.

When your appliances break down, you do not have to panic. The fix may be easy or it may take some time, but when you find a trusted appliance repair company, you can feel better knowing your appliances are in good hands.

Book an appliance repair appointment online or give PDQ Repair a call now and we’d be happy to answer your questions.

How to Find Product Manuals and Documentation

Just about every appliance or gadget ever made comes with a manual. Owner’s manual’s are the key to providing help when you have a question. Most often, they can be answered from a quick glance at the manual. That is, assuming you kept it. Whether or not your a connoisseur of saving important files, or you’re the professional “round filer”, being able to find information quickly is a top concern. That’s one of the reasons why digital files are great, especially if they are searchable.


Digital files are great, especially if they are searchable.

Store Manuals on the Cloud

Maybe you’re lucky enough to be one of the people who get their manual in an electronic format upfront. If so, then a great way to save them is to a program such as Evernote, Google Drive, or iCloud. Even if you received a physical copy, save your digital copies in a specific folder online. It is a smart place to store your electronic manuals so that you can find them later.

Visit the Manufacturer Website

Most companies have a cache of documents going back years. You’ll need to know your model number. This is usually found on the appliance itself.

One fairly safe way to navigate different manufacturer websites is to click on links such as “Service or “Support” to get to the spot where you can find your product. Once there, simple put in your model number and there should be a downloadable manual available.

A few examples are below:

Search Google

In some cases, you can find the manual for a specific appliance from a quick Google search. There are a number of websites that do nothing but collect copies of manuals and docs. Not all websites are free to download a copy of your manual. So your first stop should always be with the manufacturer.

Do you have a question about your appliance? Give us a call at 360-719-4810 to schedule an appointment with one of our highly trained, qualified technicians.

Daylight Savings Time: Important Tasks Beyond Changing the Clock

Every year we switch our clocks forward or back for Daylight Savings Time. Do you know why? Perhaps you’re like many Americans who believe that daylight saving time was adopted to provide more time for farmers to work in the field. Would you be surprised to learn that this isn’t true?

The agriculture industry actually opposes daylight saving time as their schedule is dictated by the sun and not by the clock. The origins of daylight saving time goes back to over 100 years ago. It was first adopted by Germany in 1916 in order to conserve electricity during wartime. The US adopted daylight savings time in 1918 for similar reasons.

Today, the biggest proponents of daylight saving time have been urban retail business. According to Michael Downing, a lecturer at Tufts University and author of the book “Spring Forward: The Annual Madness of Daylight Saving Time, “the principal supporter of daylight saving in the United States has been the Chamber of Commerce on behalf of small business and retailers. The Chamber understood that if you give workers more sunlight at the end of the day they’ll stop and shop on their way home.”

Make the Most out of Daylight Saving Time

While only 25% of the world actually uses daylight saving time, that doesn’t mean we still can’t make the most out of it. Periodic appliance cleaning is important to maintain your appliances, keep them running at their best performance and to ensure the safety of your home. Here are some ways you can use daylight saving time to your advantage:

  • Change Your Appliance Filters: Some filters need changing more often than others, but you’ll definitely want to check any appliances that filter air or water. Here are some systems to check: 
    • Furnace and air conditioning air filters 
    • Vacuum cleaners 
    • Refrigerator water filters 
    • Dishwasher filters 
    • Air purifiers and humidifiers
Fixing a kitchen extraction unit
  • Refrigerator coils/gaskets: Cleaning your refrigerator coils is one way to save some money. When the coils are dirty, they have to work hard which in turn makes your refrigerator less efficient. The same goes for cleaning and repairing the gaskets.
  • Deep Clean Washer and Dishwasher: If you’ve noticed a mildew smell in your appliances, using a cleaner tablet like Affresh for your dishwasher and washer not only kills bacteria but also removes residue that causes bacteria to grow. Make sure to check your manual to see what the manufacturer recommends.
  • Clean the dryer vents: We can’t stress this enough. It’s not just a matter of safety, but it also helps dry your clothes faster, keeps your dryer working efficiently and helps your dryer last longer.
  • Check the batteries: This is a great time to change the batteries in your smoke alarms and other devices. Make sure to test your smoke alarms once a year and replace them if they are over 10 years old, as recommended by The National Fire Protection Association.

Want to learn more about daylight saving time? Check out this link.  

PDQ Repair wants to hear from you. Let us know what you’ll be checking with the hashtag #PDQcares, or by leaving us a comment on Facebook.

Why You Need to Clean the Lint Filter Every Time

You’ve heard that you need to clean the dryer lint trap after every load, but is it true?

Why Do You Clean a Dryer Lint Filter?

The lint screen catches fibers that are agitated from clothing, towels and linens while they tumble around the dryer. The lint screen prevents them from obstructing the dryer hose which could lead to a host of problems, such as:

  • Higher Energy Bills. If the screen is clogged with a thick layer of lint, the dryer has to work harder to dry the clothes which in turns leads to higher energy bills. Cleaning the dryer lint from the screen allows more air to flow out into the exhaust vent and equally allow for efficient operation.
  • Longer Drying Times. Proper airflow is needed to dry your clothes in a single cycle. If you have to continually add time to each dry cycle because you’re clothes are still damp, it might be because your lint screen is clogged.
  • Risk of Fire. Clogged lint screen can lead to dryer fires. Dryers generate a lot of heat, and at high temperatures. And lint is highly flammable.
  • Replace or Repair Quicker. Any time you can help a machine work at it’s highest effieciency, the more you decrease overall wear and tear. This reduces the need for emergency repairs and helps the appliance last longer.

How Often Do You Clean a Lint Filter?

It’s true! You should clean the lint filter between every batch of clothes. A good habit is to remove lint from the screen either before or after every load. Some of the new dryers will even automatically remind you to check the lint filter before starting your next load. But if it doesn’t, using a dry erase marker works as a great reminder aid. Simply write yourself a note on the door or top of your dryer. Post-it’s work, too!

This note my sister left on the dryer for her roommates. from pics

How to Find Your Dryer Lint Trap

Some dryers have easily accessible lint screen such as just inside the door, while others might be harder to find. Checking your manual for location and proper techniques is always your best bet. However, here are some possible places you can check:

  • Just inside the door. Open the dryer door and peek inside. If the lint screen is located here, you might see a small raised handle or a screen in the shape of a shallow channel. You may be able to simply scoop lint out of the channel with your finger, or you can pull up on the handle to remove lint from the trap.
  • On the dryers back wall. Open the dryer door and look at the back wall for an oblong cutout with holes in it. Insert a finger and thumb into the holes and pull the lint trap from the wall. Squeeze the sides to open it and you can clean the lint out.
  • On the top of the dryer: This one should be easy to spot right near where the controls are located. You should see a handle you can pull on to removed the lint screen from it’s channel and remove the lint.

How to Clean Dryer Sheet Residue from a Lint Screen

Dryer sheets and fabric softeners can leave behind a gunky reside that you may need to remove from your lint screen. If you notice that your lint screen is in need of a gentle cleaning, soak it in hot water. You’ll want to make sure you use a little bit of dish washing soap that is designed to remove grease and oil. Gently scrub the screen with a soft brush, rinse and let air dry before reinserting it into the slot.

Why Hire a Professional Appliance Company?

Have you tried all the tips and tricks listed above and your clothes are still not drying properly? You might have a more serious issue. At PDQ Repair, our qualified experts would be more than happy to help you diagnose the problem. We’re upfront about our pricing so you know exactly what you’re getting. Call us today to schedule your appointment.

Should You Repair or Replace an Old Appliance?

There are a lot of factors one must consider when it comes to repairing an old appliance, which can make it difficult to answer these questions simply. Still, if you’re looking for an expert opinion on whether to repair or replace your old appliance, you’ve come to the right place.

How Old Is Your Appliance?

First, consider the age of your broken home appliance. One can consult an infographic like the one below from www.choicewarranty.com to see how your appliance stacks up to the average.

A sometimes recommended rule of thumb to follow is to apply the 50 percent rule. If your appliance is both greater than 50 percent through its life expectancy and the expense of the repair is greater than 50 percent of the price of a new appliance, you should purchase a new one rather than fix your old one.

But don’t let that be the only deciding factor or you may be prematurely condemning your appliance. Consider that a well-built appliance with few fancy controls might last much longer than its less durable, more high-tech counterparts.

Can You Find a New Unit to Match Your Other Appliances?

Many owners replace old appliances with new units because they want different features, such as a new color, or another size. Maybe you don’t want to move it to a new house or want to get rid of the machine for reasons unrelated to durability. If you are happy with your appliance, you might want to repair your broken home appliance now rather than replace your entire set of appliances.

Is Your Appliance Still Under Warranty?

If your appliance is still under warranty, deciding what to do with your appliance might become easier. When a warranty exists, you may be able to have your unit repaired or replaced at no cost.

Is Your Appliance Energy Efficient?

Many new appliances are more energy efficient than older models, and some are designed to be as “green” as possible. But that doesn’t mean that you should automatically replace them with a more energy efficient model. Some appliances (especially dryers) aren’t much more efficient than they were years ago; and even clothes washers and dishwashers, which have made environmental strides, won’t make a big difference in energy use if you do only a handful of loads a week.

In short, the repair-or-replace decision is not always easy. In fact, it’s often a balancing act. If you’re experiencing issues with any of your home appliances, call the experts at PDQ Repair, an exclusive factory service provider for many appliance manufacturers. Family owned and operated, PDQ Repair is your best choice for appliance repair.

’How

Use an inforgraphic to help you decide if repair or replacement is your best otpion. Be aware that published lifespans can be misleading. Don’t let this be your only deciding factor.


Image Courtesty of www.ChoiceHomeWarranty.com

Tips for Organizing Your Refrigerator

Back-to-school time is here, and while buying school supplies is probably top of your to-do list it might also be time to consider whether you should upgrade your refrigerator as well. Why?

Because a well-organized refrigerator can help lower stress, contribute to a smoothly running family, and help kick-start your families school year in the right direction.

Organizing Your Refrigerator
Consider a few quick tips to keep your groceries fresh and well organized:

    • START WITH A CLEAN REFRIGERATOR
      An organized refrigerator starts with a clean one. Discard all food from the refrigerator which will allow you to clean all the corners and crevices. Remove any fridge drawers or shelves and soak in warm water mixed with dishwashing soap. Use a mixture of warm water and dishwashing liquid to wipe the interior. Clean the rubber gasket on the door with diluted bleach or vinegar, and be sure to pat it dry. 
    • GROUP LIKE ITEMS TOGETHER
      Always keep like items in the same designated area. This will help your family find them quickly and cut down on energy-wasting open-door time. (“Like items” can mean similar things like dairy products or functionally related items like sandwich ingredients.) Consider your family’s unique needs to decide how best to group your groceries, and then stick to your system.
    • DESIGNATE ZONES
      If you choose (like most people) to store condiments in the door, don’t feel like you have to keep all of them there. Designate a back corner of a regular shelf to house some of your less frequently used accompaniments. Your fridge will not only look more organized without so many small jars and bottles right out front. You’ll also gain some prime real estate to store other, more frequently used items.
    • KEEP IT CLEAN
      Even the best-organized refrigerator requires a periodic purge. Do a quick once-a-week clean-out on garbage day to get rid of any questionable leftovers or produce. Send it straight from the fridge to the garbage bin.  This will help keep it from stinking up your kitchen.

Don’t let clumsy DIY solutions complicate your life and clutter your refrigerator. Spend the time up front to consider your family’s needs. But if your refrigerator has not been running like it should we can help with that too! Our licensed technicians at PDQ Repair will make sure your refrigerator is running at its peak so you can worry about other things.

The above content is provided for information purposes only. All information included herein is subject to change without notice. PDQ Repair is not responsible for any direct or indirect damages, arising from or related to use or reliance of the above content.